Le Haut Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) affirme avoir reçu plusieurs rapports inquiétants d’enlèvements, de tortures, d’extorsion, d’abus sexuels et physiques le long des routes utilisées par les réfugiés. Les organismes internationaux préviennent aussi que la violence contre les réfugiés n’est pas seulement physique, mais également virtuelle, par exemple sur les réseaux sociaux.

MYTILENE, GREECE - OCTOBER 20: People flee from Afghan men with sticks as they fight with other recently arrived migrants waiting to be processed at the increasingly overwhelmed Moria camp on the island of Lesbos on October 20, 2015 in Mytilene, Greece. Dozens of rafts and boats are still making the journey daily as thousands flee conflict in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and other countries. More than 500,000 migrants have entered Europe so far this year. Of that number, four-fifths have paid to be smuggled by sea to Greece from Turkey, the main transit route into the EU. Nearly all of those entering Greece on a boat from Turkey are from the war zones of Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)Violence

Des gestes violents, notamment des meurtres, des menaces et de l’intimidation, sont commis partout dans le monde contre les demandeurs d’asile, les migrants et les minorités ethniques.


ROSZKE, HUNGARY - SEPTEMBER 08: Refugees are smuggled through fields and forests in an attempt to evade the Hungarian police close to the Serbian border on September 8, 2015 in Roszke, Hungary. Many migrants fear that if they are forced to officially register and have their fingerprints taken, it will stop them being able to move freely out of Hungary and further into Europe. A lack of clarity on the issue is causing many people to risk being arrested unnecessarily by taking such measures. Thousands of migrants have continued to cross into Hungary over the last few days from Serbia. Since the beginning of 2015 the number of migrants using the so-called 'Balkans route' has exploded with migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey and then travelling on through Macedonia and Serbia before entering the EU via Hungary. The number of people leaving their homes in war torn countries such as Syria, marks the largest migration of people since World War II. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)Enlèvement et violence sexuelle

Le HCR rapporte que des réfugiés ont été kidnappés, torturés, volés par des passeurs ou des gangs criminalisés le long des routes migratoires. D’autres ont été victimes de violence physique et sexuelle.


BERLIN, GERMANY - MARCH 04:Protesters hold Germany Flag and Placard with right wing slogans against the Government and the Muslim religion at a " Merkel muss weg" gathering of right-wing demonstrators who were protesting against German Chancellor Angela Merkel on March 4, 2017 in Berlin, Germany. Germany faces federal elections in September and the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) political party has profited from wide-spread discontent over Merkel's open policy towards refugees and migrants. (Photo by Michele Tantussi/Getty Images)Discours haineux

Les réfugiés sont victimes de discours haineux de la part des gouver­nements, des partis politi­ques, des médias et des citoyens sur les médias sociaux.


DOBOVA, SLOVENIA - OCTOBER 26: Migrants are held at a holding camp in the village of Dobova before boarding a train heading towards Austria on October 26, 2015 in Dobava, Slovenia. Thousands of migrants marched across the border between Croatia into Slovenia as authorities intensify their efforts to attempt to cope with Europe's largest migration of people since World War II. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)Refoulement aux frontières

Selon les études du HCR, des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont été refoulées aux frontières de plusieurs pays européens, dont la Bulgarie, la Croatie, la Grèce, la Hongrie, la Serbie, l’Espagne et la Macédoine. Des cas de violence et d’abus ont été rapportés.

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